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Classic Homemade Croissants

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These Classic Homemade Croissants are buttery, flaky, and just plain irresistible! Did you know you can make them at home?

If you’ve ever wondered How to Make Homemade Croissants, a lot of patience is involved. There’s nothing fancy about the ingredients, but there is a lot of rolling, folding, chilling, and repeating. But these croissants from scratch are definitely worth the effort. These taste like they came fresh out of a Parisian pâtisserie.

Homemade Classic Croissants on a small white ceramic plate with a bowl of strawberries

Classic Homemade Croissants

It’s rare to eat a croissant these days that’s not from Costco or the bakery in your favorite market. But are they even made with real butter? If you can’t taste the butter, they’re probably not anything like my classic homemade croissants. Butter? Check. Yeast? Check. Lots of steps and time to complete? Check. But worth it!

I found some new muscles today. I do actually work out and can even do push-ups, but rolling out this croissant dough was certainly an invigorating bicep, tricep (and who knows what other muscles!) training.  This was my second round at making croissants as I made them once before, for the Daring Bakers.

So when my oldest was by for Sunday night dinner, he was disappointed when I started reeling off what was left on the instructions list: 2 more hours in the fridge, then a turning, another two hours in the fridge, then rolling and shaping and another 3-4 hour proofing before baking. Patience is a virtue, remember?

Homemade Classic Croissants filled with almond paste on a white plate

Almond Croissants,  croissant dough filled with almond paste

A Few Tips for Making Croissants at Home

I “could” have had these completed on Sunday, but a little hiccup caused a delay. You see, this recipe calls for fresh yeast. Upon googling it, I found it wasn’t easy to locate and impossible to find at the typical supermarket, and there were tales of ordering it online and ending up with dead yeast. With a pound of butter and 1+ days of work invested into these puppies, I wasn’t going to risk it.

  • If you don’t have access to fresh yeast (and I’m guessing that’s most of my readers), substitute 4 1/2 teaspoons dry active yeast for the one ounce of fresh.
  • Learn from my mistake:  I followed the instructions for the fresh yeast, tossing it in with the other ingredients and mixing, then kneading in the stand mixer. Well, my first dough was the consistency of Silly Putty, nothing like the “soft butter” spoken of by the recipe developer, Esther McManus. Then I had an aha moment about 4 AM on Sunday. I needed to proof the dry active yeast. Duh. I started over at that point. Who needs sleep?
  • PRO-Tip: If you use, dry active yeast, stir it into lukewarm milk before mixing it in with the other ingredients.
  • You will use a lot of cold butter. It’s beaten first, to soften, then rolled flat on a floured surface so that it can be wrapped in dough.
  • Next comes  the fun part, the rolling and folding. All details are in the recipe. PRO-Tip: I like to keep track of my folds by marking “fold #1,” etc. on my parchment.
  • If you notice the butter has become too soft and is oozing out when you do the initial pounding, pop it all in the fridge for 1-2 hours before you do your first round of rolling and folding.
  • Note that you will brush the croissants with an egg wash twice, so refrigerate the mixture after the first coat for the second coat.
  • There is an option to make almond croissants in the recipe. Just buy a container of almond paste if you want to give those a try.
Homemade Classic Croissants with one broken open on a white plate with strawberries

Well, the aroma in the house was that buttery fragrance found in a French Patisserie as these gems baked away. I filled some with almond paste and rolled the dough around some chocolate morsels in others. If you’d like to try these tender, flaky pastries, I’d recommend watching this video where Julia Child watches Esther whip up and shape this dough. And set aside a whole weekend dedicated to the most delicious baked goods you’ll ever make!

More Yeast Bread You’ll Love:

My Best Cinnamon Rolls are a family favorite and this Braided Easter Bread doesn’t have to be only for holidays! Use this Homemade Pizza Crust and add your favorite toppings. Plus more of my Best Bread Recipes.

Homemade Classic Croissants on a small white ceramic plate with a bowl of strawberries

Homemade Croissants

The ultimate croissant recipe! Buttery, flaky and out of this world!

Prep Time 16 hours
Cook Time 18 minutes
Total Time 16 hours 18 minutes
Yield 10 large croissants


  • 1 ounce compressed fresh yeast ( I used 4½ teaspoons active dry yeast (I use Red Star Yeast)-I let it dissolve in the milk for about 5-10 minutes and added it with the milk.)
  • 3 ¾ cups unbleached all-purpose flour
  • ⅓ cup sugar
  • 2 teaspoons salt
  • 1+ cup milk, warm it slightly to proof the yeast, about 110 degrees

For the butter square:

  • 1 pound 2 ounces butter, unsalted, cold, and cut into ½ inch cubes (4 1/2 sticks)
  • 2 tablespoons unbleached all-purpose flour

For the egg wash:

  • 1 large egg beaten with 1 tablespoon cold water


For the dough:

  1. Put the yeast, flour sugar, salt and 1 cup of milk into the bowl of a mixer fitted with a dough hook. (If using dry active yeast see proofing instructions in ingredient list). With the machine on its lowest speed, mix for 1 to 2 minutes, until a soft, moist dough forms on the hook. If the dough is too dry, add more milk, 1 tablespoon at a time (I added almost 6 T). You want all the flour to be moistened. The hook should pick up all the flour from the bowl.
  2. Set the mixer to its highest speed your manufacturer allows for dough (2 on my KitchenAid) and work the dough until it is smooth and elastic, no longer sticky and close to the consistency of soft butter.
  3. Remove the dough from the mixer and put it in a plastic bag, leaving a bit of space for the dough to expand. Keep the dough at room temperature for a half hour, then refrigerate the dough for 8 hours or overnight.

For the butter:

  1. Attach the paddle to your mixer and beat the butter and flour on the highest speed until smooth and the same consistency as the croissant dough, about 2 minutes. Put the beaten butter onto a large piece of plastic wrap, give it a few slaps to remove any air, then shape into an oval 5 to 6 inches long and 1 inch thick. Wrap it tightly and refrigerate until needed.

Incorporating the butter:

  1. Put the croissant dough on a floured large work surface and dust the top of the dough lightly with flour. Using a long rolling pin, roll the dough into an oval approximately 10 inches wide and 17 inches long. Center the oval of chilled butter across the oval of dough and fold the top and bottom of the dough over the butter to make a package. Gently stretch the folded layers of dough out to the sides and press the edges firmly to seal.
  2. Using a rolling pin, start whacking the dough to distribute the butter.Rotate the dough and pound it again in the other should see the butter moving towards the edges. After pounding you should have a 1 inch thick rectangle about about 14 inches long and 6 inches wide.
  3. Keeping the work surface and the top of the dough well floured, roll the dough into a rectangle 24 to 26 inches long and about 14 inches wide, with the long side facing you. (If your dough and butter has become warm, you may want to refrigerate for an hour or two before this first rolling stage). Brush off the excess flour and, working from the left and right sides, fold the dough inward into thirds (like a brochure), so that you have a package that's about 8 inches wide by 14 inches long.
  4. Move the dough to a parchment- lined baking sheet, cover and refrigerate for at least 2 hours. You may want to make the parchment "Turn 1" to keep track of your turns.

Second turn:

  1. Place the dough so that the 14 inch side runs left to right. Making sure the work surface is well floured at all times, roll the dough as you did before into a rectangle 24 to 26 inches long by about 14 inches wide. Note that it's OK if the dough cracks a little with the next couple turns.
  2. As before, fold the dough in thirds. Place it on the parchment, mark the paper “turn 2”, cover and refrigerate at least 2 hours.

Third turn:

  1. Start again with a 14 inch side running from your left side to your right. Roll the dough into a rectangle 24 by 14 inches wide. Fold the left and right sides of the dough into the center, leaving a little space in the center, and then fold one side over the other as though you were closing a book.

Chilling the dough:

  1. Brush off the flour, wrap the dough in plastic and refrigerate for 2 hours (I refrigerated overnight).

Rolling the dough:

  1. Flour a work surface. Place the dough so that it resembles a book, with the spine to your left and the opening to your right. Then cut the dough in half horizontally...for easier handling. so that you have two pieces about 7 inches long and about 6½ inches wide. Wrap and chill one half while you roll and cut the other. Extra dough may also be frozen to use at another time if desired.
  2. Flour the dough and roll it into a rectangle that's 24 to 26 inches long and 15 to 18 inches wide. Keep the work surface and the dough well floured. This will give your muscles a work out! If necessary turn the dough so that the long side runs from left to right along the counter. Carefully fold the top half of the dough down to the bottom.

Cutting the dough:

  1. Line two large baking sheets with parchment paper.
  2. When the dough is ready to be cut, measure off 3 to 4-inch-wide pieces, and simply cut the dough from bottom to top in straight lines; unfold each strip and cut crosswise in half. If making almond croissants, place a rolled piece of almond paste at the top (I would use more than I did!) of each strip of dough and roll the dough into a coil, finishing seam side down. Shape the rest of the croissants and allow to rise.

Glazing and rising:

  1. Brush the croissants with egg wash, garnish with almond slices if making almond croissants, and allow them to rise, uncovered, at room temperature for 3 to 4 hours, until tripled in size and spongy. (Reserve egg wash, covered in the refrigerator.) The ideal place for rising is a turned off oven containing a pan of hot steamy water.

Baking the croissants:

  1. Preheat the oven to 350º. Brush the croissants once again with egg wash and bake for 12 minutes. Rotate front to back and bake another 4 to 6 minutes, until the croissants are deeply golden. Cool on racks before eating.


  1. The croissants are best eaten the day they are made. Freeze in airtight container. Thaw the croissants overnight in the refrigerator or at room temperature and reheat in a 350 degree oven for about 8 minutes.


Source: Baking with Julia: Savor the Joys of Baking with America's Best Bakers, Esther McManus

Nutrition Information:



Serving Size:

1 croissant

Amount Per Serving: Calories: 285Total Fat: 7gSaturated Fat: 4gTrans Fat: 0gUnsaturated Fat: 2gCholesterol: 35mgSodium: 459mgCarbohydrates: 47gFiber: 2gSugar: 7gProtein: 9g


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57 comments on “Classic Homemade Croissants”

  1. Your croissants look superb. Mine did not go to plan but that’s life for me at present.

  2. I´m not crazy about this recipe. Having made croissants many times, I will stick to my nancy silverton recipe (that woman has yet to turn me down). But they tasted great. I love your perfectly shaped croissants Liz! I had an issue of butter pooling while baking, but the laminating was good.
    Anyway, I didn´t realize we could make any version of it today (I sometimes feel this group is kind of falling apart a bit lately). So I´ll be making pain au chocolat and almond croissants very soon. Gorgeous almond croissants, my favorite!

  3. You’re very dedicated Liz – I have only made these at Lenôtre and decided then and there that I don’t have the space (in my kitchen or fridge) to make these at home, ever. For me they are too much of a time investment when I can walk up the street and get amazing ones (and just one, not a whole batch that I would have to devour LOL!). These look amazing and I am, of course, as always in awe!

  4. Absolutely gorgeous! I’m sure you enjoyed every (well earned) bite:@)

  5. I love croissants Liz and yours are perfectly made! With a filling of chocolate or nutella I could eat them all day long!

  6. Lizzy,
    Your croissants are beautiful, and so mouth watering. Your perseverance paid off with these little gems!

  7. Liz, I made these once many years ago. It is a lot of work. My mother-in-law always baked with the fresh yeast and it is disappointing that it can’t be found anymore. You did a beautiful job and the almond filling…wow.

  8. Nicely flaky and buttery Liz. Love these croissants and would love to have some of this goodness for b’fast!

  9. Lizzy.. you never cease to amaze me. These croissants look like they came out of a French bakery. I know it’s a very tedious process to make these flaky beauties… you did a fabulous job. 🙂

  10. Oh my Lizzy! you are fantastic I adore croissants and your look georgeous!! I will try your recipe!:)

  11. Hi Lizzy, I think you’ve made the most delicious and flaky looking croissants! I wish I have the patience to do this and get the perfect results!

  12. Oh sweet lord these croissants are gorgeous and look so flaky and perfect!

  13. I think the only baking project more daunting than puff pastry is croissants and look how you nailed them. Wow, Liz, they’re perfect. It’s amazing what we think about at 4am, isn’t it. I’m sure my family wishes I had these on my mind, but they’ll have to settle with me rolling over and going back to sleep. 🙂

  14. Just beautiful Liz! I made croissants a couple of years ago but they weren’t nearly as gorgeous as these! Not withstanding your slight issues (it just happened to me with some bread sticks, completely forgot to proof, but they turned out ok anyway). I’m thinking I may want to make this lovely breakfast again!

  15. These are looking more than great, still haven’t had the courage or time to prepare these marvels at home, but definitely love them.

  16. Those croissants are beautiful!!

  17. You Win! Perfect. Yours look better than Esther’s in the video. I had issues with the butter pooling during baking and other issues…… But, yes, proofing the yeast would have been smart too! I learned lots…my first try at croissants. I’ll bake them again and get better yeast. You are an inspiration!

  18. Your croissants are so gloriously flaky!

  19. LOVELY!!! Adore your beautiful croissants, Liz!!!

  20. Adventuresome.. but well worth the effort. Yours look spectacular and very inspiring to make. Thanks for sharing the link to the recipe.

  21. wow, these croissants are gorgeous! Love them! So flaky and perfect. You are a genius!

  22. You made croissants? From SCRATCH? You, Liz, are my hero! If you haven’t already, I’d love if you’d come join my How To Tuesday link party, too.

  23. Wow… your layers are impressive indeed! What a bummer that you had to start over but I’m glad that the final results were worth it.

  24. You are incredible, Liz. Every time I visit your blog, I’m in complete awe of the things you create. I would never dream of making croissants at home – they seem so labour intensive and technical. I’d hate to go through all that time, effort and ingredients to end up with a flop. Your croissant looks perfect, like something I’d get in a French bakery. And I love that you made a version with almond paste and chocolate – yum!

  25. Amazing !!!! your croissants look perfect, I love your pictures, and the layers are beautiful!!!
    Perfect French baker!!!!
    Great job Liz!!!

  26. They look absolutely perfect! I can totally see myself doing that same thing with the yeast and baking at 4 in the morning. Some people might have slept but their priorities are obviously out of whack. 🙂

  27. Beeeeaaauutttiffful! They look amazing, I cannot believe how wonderful they turned out, great job!

  28. These look amazing! way to go!!! 🙂

  29. I am seriously having some croissant envy here. Well done on some perfect looking croissants! It definitely was a full weekend of baking.

  30. They look absolutely amazing! You did a fantastic job!

  31. Wow! Those are some great looking croissants. They look perfect! Great job!! 🙂

  32. Some day I’m so totally making my own croissants. Nothing compares to fresh!

  33. Such beauties! Yeah, the almond croissants rocked! And this is typed by a total chocolate devotee…I was on my toes when rolling the dough – now you got me thinking what muscle group I worked out 🙂

  34. I’ve never even had the desire to attempt croissants. SUPER impressed that you did, and that they turned out picture-perfect!

  35. Oh Lizzy !!!! Would you mind throwing some of your beautifully-baked croissant ? lol I’m so impressed ! They look just like the ones I’m buying here 😀

  36. Your croissants truly look like the kind one buys in Paris. I admire your fortitude and dedication to the process of perfecting the art of baking. Julia Child would be proud =)

  37. Liz, I applaud you for all your dedication with these croissants and I am almost afraid to mention that the one item that you can always find in grocery stores around here, is fresh yeast – so I had one bonus with this recipe – I filled some with chocolat and shaped some pains au chocolat but mine look far from the perfection that you always strive for in your baking – they do look better than in the video! Fantastic! Have a great Wednesday!

  38. You are such a bold baker! I have never even tried making my own puff pastry… Your croissants look fabulous. Congratulations!

  39. Liz – these are gorgeous. I made all of mine with chocolate in them, but the almond look like a lovely treat.

    I didn’t even try to look for the fresh yeast, but working with fresh is on my bucket list…

  40. Never baked croissant at home. Yours look soft and flaky, just the way I like it. The addition of almond paste, delicious!

  41. Just beautiful Liz. Two doughs? You are dedicated! My arms are still sore even though I work out! Delicious though, aren’t they?

  42. Liz, your photography and presentation is beautiful. Seeing the croissants paired with the fresh strawberries is so vibrant and colorful. This recipe looks as though it was well worth the long wait. Great post.

  43. I LOVE a good croissant and these look pretty much perfect, great job!

  44. Beautiful job, despite the hiccups along the way! Makes me think that it’s been far too long since I last made croissants.

  45. Twice! I’m having trouble getting started just once. Yours look absolutely lovely, and gorgeous pictures to boot!

  46. Lovely croissants! I can see the wonderful light fluffy texture in your picture, Wow… This reminds me of the croissants that they give in the international flights every time I fly to India and I promise it never looks as beautiful as this looks nor tastes good.

  47. Now I really need to make delicious croissants, I want one…..or two of those almond ones!!!! Your croissants look so beautiful!!! Hugs, Terra

  48. 4am? Really? Wow that’s dedication to your art (or oven…)! Love the layers in your croissants, beautiful work, as usual! And do those strawberries make the croissants healthy?

  49. I have tried a few recipes for croissants and not been happy with the result. These look divine. I will most definitely be trying them. Thank you for a fabulous recipe!

  50. Your croissants are absolutely beautiful looking! I totally agree that this rolling took muscle…my hands really felt bruised after the three days! They were delicious though so I would say it was worth it. 🙂

  51. Ha, I’ve had many “aha” moments at that hour! I haven’t made croissants in ages! Yours look fabulous, love seeing all those layers!

  52. Never had enough courage to make croissants at home! These look amazing and encourage me to give it a try!

  53. Liz, your croissants are lovely — just like everything you bake! I had the same “a-ha” moment about the yeast, but luckily I did it before I made a batch. I proofed it and then added to the rest of the ingredients and it turned out wonderful. I will make this again but I will not bother with compressed yeast – instant rise worked great! Blessings, Catherine

  54. Lizzy,
    These may have given you a tough time but they look gorgeous. I bet you can’t stop eating them.

  55. Just when you think you have tried everything and pow my favorite bread ever recipes appears! Thanks Liz!

  56. These are pure perfection! Flaky, buttery, tender – everything you could want in a croissant!

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